You Credit Score- How's Your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it's not surprising that one aspect of your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your loan payment history to build a FICO score.
The three credit reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary from one agency to another, all of the agencies use the following to build your credit score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is one number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers have a score above 620.
Your credit score greatly affects how much you pay in interest every month
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
How can you raise your credit score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You must remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report; this is the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
Getting your credit score
In order to improve your FICO score, you must have the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three agencies. They also provide helpful information and online tools that can help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report every year from the three major credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Give us a call at 727-466-4301.